Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder in Simple Terms
Autism Spectrum disorder means there are a variety of forms to this chronic brain disorder. Everyone that is diagnosed with Autism has their own symptoms. They could have severe Autism where they are completely withdrawn and need around the clock care. They could be dealing with mild Autism where they can function and it might not be noticed that they have a form of Autism.
The Autism Spectrum was first introduced in the mid 20th Century. Dr. Leo Kanner did a study in 1943 that introduced this concept. He had 11 children in the study that were diagnosed with Autism. Also, Dr. Hans Asperger introduced an Autism Spectrum that was a mild form of Autism that is found on the Autism Spectrum. This German scientist called this disorder Asperger Syndrome. It is one of four disorders on the Autism Spectrum.
There are four other developmental disorders on the Autism Spectrum. These include Autism, Rex Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) and Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Each indicates various degrees suffered when it comes to Autism. Issues when it comes to various symptoms of Autism in the different Autism Spectrum forms. They will have symptoms with communicating and interacting socially to behavior issues and being closed in their own world. Some things that are different include refusing to hug or being touched even by the closest people in their life. They will also be seen doing repetitive actions and even repeating words. However, not every Autistic person has the same symptoms though.
Parents that feel their child has Autism issues will notice some things if they are looking. Even if they are not looking they might notice some things. It does not mean the child is Autistic as a child needs to suffer from several of Autism symptoms. A doctor will help determine if the child is Autistic or not. Parents usually notice signs of Autism before their child is three. If your child ignores you, when you call their name, it is evident whether they are doing on purpose or if there is a problem that needs to be further investigated. If they do not respond to you continually, then it could be a sign of Autism.
Being diagnosed is not easy. Autism disorder has many different elements that need to be in place to determine if a person is Autistic. It could not be until a person is older in life when they are actually diagnosed. It does happen many times when there is slight autism and it goes undetected till the child is older.
Basically the “red flags” of Autism include:
- Lack of communication: pointing is higher, eye contact is low, gesturing is more than speech.
- Social behaviors: Inability to start a conversation, lack empathy, extremely introverts or shy, uncontrolled repetitive actions displayed.
- Stereotype behavior patterns: Constant repetition of words, action, obsessions and schedules.
However it is not important that all of these are evident in each case of Autistic child but may surface in differ children, depending upon the intensity within the autism spectrum disorder.