Type 2 Diabetes and Various Cancers
Whoever compared an ounce of prevention favorably with a pound of cure could have had Type 2 diabetes in mind. Losing weight and controlling your blood sugar level is important to prevent many serious complications.
Last month the American Diabetes Association and the American Cancer Society issued a joint statement noting that there are links between diabetes, primarily Type 2, and cancer.
The statement included cancers of the:
- rectum and
Pancreatic cancer is associated with Type 2 diabetes, and those who have had Type 2 for five years or more have a higher risk than those who have had Type 2 for less than five years. This lends credence to the idea that Type 2 diabetes can cause pancreatic cancer. This kind of cancer causes death in 227,000 patients worldwide per year. The prognosis for patients with pancreatic cancer is poor because it is usually diagnosed late.
Type 2 diabetes is thought to carry a 10 to 20 per cent risk of breast cancer… insulin resistance has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer and is also characteristic of type 2 diabetes. Breast cancer causes death in more women throughout the world… more than any other cancer.
According to the National Cancer Institute, diabetes is the most common risk factor for cancer in the United States. Liver cancer is the fifth most common kind of cancer in men and eighth most common for women… this is worldwide. It is the third most common cause of death from cancer.
Type 2 diabetes is associated with uterine cancer. Uterine cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer in women worldwide. In the United States alone, 4 to 5,000 women die from uterine cancer per year.
Most studies of diabetes and cancer of the colon and rectum have shown an association. People with diabetes are more likely to have cancer return after surgery on the colon or rectum, than patients without diabetes. Worldwide colon and rectal cancer accounts for 639,000 deaths per year.
Studies of diabetes and bladder cancer show a slight increase of bladder cancer in people with diabetes. At any given time 2.7 million people worldwide have a history of bladder cancer.
The consensus report of the American Diabetes Association and American Cancer Society went on to say that:
- sedentary lifestyle
- poor diet and
- contribute to both Type 2 diabetes and cancer.
According to one of the author’s of the report, Dr. Edward Giovannucci of the Harvard School of Medicine, this is likely due to the affect inflammation and insulin resistance have on both conditions. Another one of the authors, Dr. Michael Pollak of McGill University in Montreal, recommends that patients with diabetes have regular cancer screenings.
Unfortunately there is increasing evidence that people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are at a high risk for developing cancer. Cancer experts recommend regularly checking your body for any lumps and bumps and to be aware of any changes. If you do, take action… talk to your doctor and have these changes checked out.