Getting sick is such a burden. Thinking about hospital bills, maintenance medications, follow-up check-ups, physical therapies give us a terrible headache. There are some individuals who are not able to benefit from the different health care services being offered by the hospitals due to poverty and racial discrimination. Poor people especially the indigent just simply rely on herbs and from the free medicines given by the government. It is best that the government will give much attention with regards to the availability and accessibility of health care services to poor individuals.
There are just so many diseases in the world that we can acquire genetically or through close contact with the virus or bacteria. Hereditary diseases are difficult to avoid. Why? Because when your ancestors have the disease, it can be passed on to the next family generations. You can never escape that disease if it runs in the family’s blood. If there are hereditary diseases in the family, better that you perform early detection that way you will know the necessary interventions and measures to treat the disease.
One very common genetically acquired disease is diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a disorder affecting the biochemical reactions of the body and having a tendency for developing above normal levels of sugar in the blood. Medically, the disorder is characterized as hyperglycaemic glycosuria. Hyperglycaemic means that the blood sugar is elevated while glycosuria means that glucose is present in the urine.
The greek word diabetes which means siphon refers to the excessive urination. While the latin word mellitus means honey sweet this refers to sugar-sweet urine. Diabetes mellitus is a disease occurring in almost any parts of the world. It affects all races and even all age groups.
The most common signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus include that of weight loss, excessive urination, thirst and extreme hunger. If not corrected, this may lead to several complications and will eventually lead to early death.
It is important that we know the normal blood sugar levels that way we can determine if the blood sugar reading that we have is below or above normal. The normal fasting blood sugar level is 70-100mg/dl. If the test is done without fasting, the normal reading is 70-140mg/dl. Any reading above 140mg/dl is called hyperglycemia and any blood sugar reading below 70mg/dl is named as hypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia blood sugar levels are determined though taking a blood sample. Few drops of blood is enough to determine whether an individual sugar is at high range.
The diabetes treatment depends upon the type of diabetes that you have. There is the insulin dependent type, noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus and the gestational diabetes. From the name itself, insulin dependent which means insulin injections are needed to sustain life whereas noninsulin dependent which means that exercise, oral medications and a strict diabetic diet is needed to control the disease. Gestational diabetes is the type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Exercise and diabetic diet needs to be observed and maintained.
Diabetes is a very serious disease that should be given attention. Since it is hereditary, early detection must be made in a much earlier time so as to provide treatment and implement interventions.